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|Pivotal Head-To-Head ENDEAVOR Study Results Published in The Lancet Oncology Demonstrate Superiority of Kyprolis® (carfilzomib) Combination Over Velcade® (bortezomib) Combination|
These findings demonstrate that patients with relapsed multiple myeloma treated with Kyprolis lived twice as long without disease worsening as those treated with bortezomib. The most common adverse events (greater than 25 percent) in the Kyprolis arm were diarrhea, anemia, fatigue, dyspnea, pyrexia and insomnia. Treatment discontinuation due to adverse events and on-study deaths were comparable between the two arms.
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"In this head-to-head comparison, carfilzomib plus dexamethasone resulted in a twofold decrease in the risk of progression or death, compared with bortezomib plus dexamethasone, a result that was consistent regardless of age or prior bortezomib exposure," said study co-author and investigator,
"Coupled with results previously seen in the ASPIRE pivotal trial, data from the ENDEAVOR study support the use of Kyprolis as a backbone therapy for the management of relapsed multiple myeloma, a difficult-to-treat blood cancer," said Sean E. Harper, M.D., executive vice president of Research and Development at Amgen. "This is an important publication because it provides clinical evidence of Kyprolis' potential to extend the time patients live without their disease progressing and improve the depth and duration of a response."
Multiple myeloma is an incurable blood cancer, characterized by a recurring pattern of remission and relapse, and while new therapies have become available, a significant unmet need still remains for patients no longer responding to treatment.1,2 Multiple myeloma is an orphan disease and accounts for approximately one percent of all cancers.3,4
The superiority of the Kyprolis combination compared to the bortezomib combination with respect to PFS was seen across all pre-specified subgroups, including Velcade-naïve patients, those with high- or standard-risk cytogenetics and with or without prior transplantation. The Kyprolis combination also demonstrated superiority over the bortezomib combination for secondary endpoints, achieving a higher overall response rate (76.9 percent vs. 62.6 percent; p<0.0001) and lower rate of grade 2 or higher neuropathy events (6 percent vs. 32 percent; p<0.0001). Treatment with the Kyprolis combination resulted in a two-fold increase in the median duration of response (21.3 months) compared to the bortezomib combination (10.4 months).
In the Kyprolis and bortezomib groups, 54.3 percent and 28.6 percent of patients achieved a very good partial response or better (p<0.0001), and 12.5 percent and 6.2 percent of patients achieved a complete response or better (p<0.0001), respectively. Overall survival data are not yet mature and continue to be monitored.
Treatment discontinuation due to adverse events and on-study deaths were comparable between the two arms. A number of known adverse drug reactions were reported at a higher rate in the Kyprolis group compared with the bortezomib group, including any-grade dyspnea, hypertension, pyrexia, and cough (preferred terms) as were any-grade cardiac failure (grouped term; 8.2 percent vs. 2.9 percent) and acute renal failure (grouped term; 8.2 percent vs. 4.8 percent). However, the rates of cardiac and renal failure for Kyprolis were comparable to those observed in the previous Phase 3 ASPIRE study.
Rates of grade 3 or higher adverse events were 73.2 percent in the Kyprolis group and 66.9 percent in the bortezomib group. Grade 3 or higher adverse events of interest in the Kyprolis and bortezomib groups included hypertension (preferred term; 8.9 percent vs. 2.6 percent), dyspnea (preferred term; 5.4 percent vs. 2.2 percent), cardiac failure (grouped term; 4.7 percent vs. 1.8 percent), acute renal failure (grouped term; 4.0 percent vs. 2.6 percent), ischemic heart disease (grouped term; 1.7 percent vs. 1.6 percent) and pulmonary hypertension (grouped term; 0.6 percent vs. 0.2 percent).
Patients received treatment until progression with Kyprolis as a 30-minute infusion on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 of 28 day treatment cycles, along with low-dose dexamethasone (20 mg). For Cycle 1 only, Kyprolis was administered at 20 mg/m2 on days 1 and 2, followed by escalation to 56 mg/m2 from day 8. Patients who tolerated 56 mg/m2 in Cycle 1 were kept at this dose for subsequent cycles. Patients who received bortezomib (1.3 mg/m2) with low-dose dexamethasone (20 mg) were administered bortezomib subcutaneously or intravenously at the discretion of the investigator and in accordance with regulatory approval of bortezomib. More than 75 percent of the patients in the control arm received bortezomib subcutaneously. This study was conducted at 235 sites worldwide. For information about this trial, please visit www.clinicaltrials.gov under trial identification number NCT01568866.
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About Kyprolis® (carfilzomib) for Injection
Kyprolis is currently approved in the U.S. in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma who have received one to three prior lines of therapy.
Kyprolis is also indicated under
Kyprolis is also approved in
Kyprolis is a product of
For more information about Kyprolis, visit www.kyprolis.com.
Important Safety Information Regarding Kyprolis (carfilzomib) for Injection U.S. Indication
Withhold Kyprolis for Grade 3 or 4 cardiac adverse events until recovery, and consider whether to restart Kyprolis based on a benefit/risk assessment.
Adequate hydration is required prior to each dose in Cycle 1. Monitor all patients for evidence of volume overload, especially patients at risk for cardiac failure. Adjust total fluid intake as clinically appropriate in patients with baseline cardiac failure or who are at risk for cardiac failure. Patients ≥ 75 years, the risk of cardiac failure is increased. Patients with New York Heart Association Class III and IV heart failure, recent myocardial infarction, and conduction abnormalities may be at greater risk for cardiac complications.
Acute Renal Failure
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
Hepatic Toxicity and Hepatic Failure
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura /Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (TTP/HUS)
Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES)
Females of reproductive potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant while being treated with Kyprolis and the potential hazard to the fetus if Kyprolis is used during pregnancy.
The most common adverse events of any grade occurring in at least 20 percent of patients treated with Kyprolis in the combination therapy trial: decreased lymphocytes, decreased absolute neutrophil count, decreased phosphorus, anemia, neutropenia, decreased total white blood cell count, decreased platelets, diarrhea, fatigue, thrombocytopenia, pyrexia, muscle spasm, cough, upper respiratory tract infection, decreased hemoglobin, hypokalemia.
Full U.S. prescribing information is available at www.kyprolis.com.
Important EU Product Safety Information
This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions.
Kyprolis treatment should be supervised by a physician experienced in the use of anti-cancer therapy. The most serious side effects that may occur during Kyprolis treatment include: cardiac toxicity, pulmonary toxicities, pulmonary hypertension, dyspnoea, hypertension including hypertensive crises, acute renal failure, tumour lysis syndrome, infusion reactions, thrombocytopenia, hepatic toxicity, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura/haemolytic uremic syndrome (TTP/HUS). The most common side effects are anaemia, fatigue, diarrhoea, thrombocytopenia, nausea, pyrexia, dyspnoea, respiratory tract infection, cough and peripheral oedema.
Please refer to the Summary of Product Characteristics for full European prescribing information.
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1. Jakubowiak A. Management Strategies for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Current Clinical Perspectives. Seminars in Hematology. 2012; 49(3)(1),S16-S32.
2. Stewart KA, Rajkumar VS, Dimopoulos MA, et al. Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma. N Engl J Med. 2015; 372:142-152.
3. GLOBCAN 2012, Global Prevalence and Incidence, available at http://globocan.iarc.fr/old/summary_table_pop_prev.asp?selection=224900&title=World&sex=0&window=1&sort=0&submit=%C2%A0Execute%C2%A0. Accessed on October 22, 2015.
4. Palumbo A and Anderson K, Multiple myeloma, N Engl J Med, 2011;364:1046–60.
5. FDA.gov. Guidance for industry: clinical trial endpoints for the approval of cancer drugs and biologics. http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/Guidances/ucm071590.pdf. Accessed on
6. Moreau P, Richardson PG, Cavo M, et al. Proteasome Inhibitors in Multiple Myeloma: 10 Years Later. Blood. 2012; 120(5):947-959.
7. Kyprolis® [package insert].
8. Kortuem KM and Stewart AK. Carfilzomib. Blood. 2012; 121(6):893-897.
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